The term Anemia relates to a condition where an individual doesn’t have enough red blood cells in their system. As red blood cells carry oxygen around the body, anemia (and lack of oxygen to the body) results in fatigue, mood swings, headaches, lack of concentration and light headedness.
There are several types of anemia. Some are linked to deficiencies in diet, some are life-long conditions, some inherited, some acquired.
Many types of anemia, until now, have been considered to be incurable, although the symptoms can be controlled with drugs.
Here are the most common types of anemia, there causes and the treatment options available for them.
Iron Deficiency: Our bone marrow needs iron to help it to produce haemoglobin. If we don’t have enough iron in our system, we can’t make enough haemoglobin for our red blood cells. This type of anemia is temporary and treatable with iron supplements and alteration in the diet (sucha s increasing intake of green leafy vegetables).
Vitamin Deficiency: The body also needs vitamin B-12 and Folate to produce healthy cells. Lack of nutrients can lead to poor red blood cell production. In some cases, people have enough vitamin B-12 in their diet but their bodies are unable to process it.
Chronic Disease: Some conditions can lead to anemia, such as rheumatoid arthritis, HIV and aids and Crohn’s disease. Treatment for cancer, as well as cancer itself can also cause anemia.
Bone Marrow transplant has, in some experimental cases, been shown to remove the HIV virus from the system. It is also an effective treatment for people who have had extremely high doses of chemotherapy to treat cancer; the patient’s own stem cells are harvested before treatment and transplanted back into the patient following chemotherapy, allowing their bone marrow to regenerate healthily.
Sickle Cell Anemia: This is an inherited disorder where the patient’s red blood cells go from being plump and donut-shaped to sickle-shaped. The sickle shaped cells are more brittle, so are destroyed more quickly as normal red blood cells. The can also block the blood vessels, causing oxygen deprivation to parts of the body.
Although there are medical treatment programs that manage sickle cell anemia, the only cure for SCD is bone marrow transplant.
Aplastic Anemia: Patients with aplastic anemia produce normal, healthy blood cells. However, their bone marrow does not produce enough blood cells to replace the ones that die naturally. This means that the blood count for patients with aplastic anemia gets progressively lower. In some patients the bone marrow stops producing new blood cells altogether, with fatal consequences.
The only real cure for aplastic anemia is blood or bone marrow transplant, where donated stem cells are transplanted to the patient’s bone marrow, where they reproduce, forming healthy bone marrow that produces normal blood cells.
Blood and Bone Marrow Diseases: Diseases such as multiple myeloma, myelofibrosis and leukemia generally cause anemia by affecting he levels of red and white blood cells. The anemia is generally a side effect of the bone marrow’s irregular or cancerous red or white blood cell production.
These conditions can all be treated successfully with bone marrow transplant, which replaces the damaged, faulty or cancerous bone marrow with healthy, productive bone marrow.
At Bone Marrow Transplant Mexico we treat blood and bone marrow disorders that lead to, or cause, anemia. Stem Cell transplant is an effective cause for a wide range of disorders that affect blood and bone marrow production.
By giving you a bone marrow or stem cell transplant, we give you the opportunity to heal yourself, to continue to life a long life, free of disease and pain. If you would like to know more about the range of diseases that we treat using bone marrow and stem cell transplant, contact us today for a free consultation.